Infertility has many causes. It can be traced to specific problems with the male or female’s reproductive organs, the hormones that regulate the sex drive and fertility, or environmental factors that make pregnancy difficult or impossible. However, infertility also can result from multiple factors and, in some cases, the cause is never known.
Treatment for infertility is tailored to meet the needs of each couple. Therefore, a comprehensive medical history, a thorough examination, diagnostic tests and other procedures are required to help your physician develop an effective treatment plan. The initial work-up begins with a personal and clinical history, including illnesses and medical conditions, sexual history and genetic predispositions that may contribute to infertility.
In addition, each partner undergoes a series of basic tests. Additional procedures may be required if more information is needed as a result of the initial screening and/or your history.
Based on all of this information, your physician will determine whether conception and pregnancy are likely as a result of treatment, as well as which therapies provide the best chance for success. Even in cases where the cause of infertility is “unexplained,” there may be treatment available to help you conceive.